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5 Brain injury types drivers should be aware of

On Behalf of | Jul 28, 2023 | Car accidents

Texas roads see thousands of car collisions every year, with injuries spanning from bumps and bruises to catastrophic physical and psychological damage. Injuries to the brain are a severe car accident result and raising awareness about their seriousness while promoting safer driving practices can help protect motorists from harm.


A concussion occurs when the brain experiences a sudden jolt or impact inside the skull, leading to temporary brain function loss. Symptoms may include headache, dizziness, confusion and memory problems.

While concussions are generally mild, they require immediate medical attention and rest for proper healing. Multiple concussions through the years can also compound in severity, leading to chronic issues.


A contusion results from a direct impact on the head during a car accident. The forceful collision can lead to catastrophic injuries such as brain tissue bleeding and swelling, potentially affecting specific brain functions. Contusions may require surgical intervention, and their severity can vary depending on the extent of the injury.

Traumatic brain injury

Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a broad category that encompasses a range of brain injuries resulting from external forces. In car accidents, TBIs can occur when the head strikes an object, like the windshield or steering wheel, or experiences a sudden change in motion. TBIs can lead to cognitive impairments, motor function deficits and emotional disturbances, calling for comprehensive medical treatment and rehabilitation.

Penetrating brain injury

Penetrating brain injuries occur when foreign objects, such as shattered glass or debris, penetrate the skull and directly impact the brain. These injuries can cause localized damage and often require emergency medical care to remove the foreign object and control bleeding.

Diffuse axonal injury

Diffuse axonal injury (DAI) is a severe and often life-threatening brain injury that results from the brain rapidly moving inside the skull due to a violent impact during a car accident. This movement causes the brain’s nerve fibers to tear, disrupting communication within the brain. DAI can lead to a coma or a persistent vegetative state, requiring intensive medical care and rehabilitation.

Preventing brain injuries

Brain injuries resulting from car accidents demand immediate attention. Even seemingly minor accidents can cause significant brain damage. Following safe driving practices, wearing seat belts and using appropriate safety equipment can reduce the brain injury risk and protect you, your family and others on the road.